Menu

About

Ontology of biology studies the entities, processes, and mechanisms countenanced by the principal theories within the life sciences. On the one hand, the ontology of biology intersects scientific knowledge and metaphysical inquiry, aiming to put forward or refine theoretical conceptions of life, species, natural kinds, sexes, evolution, cultural evolution, natural selection, development, and their possible “ultimate nature”. On the other hand, the ontology of biology purports to explore the interaction between such theoretical conceptions and society, seeking to frame debates concerning issues such as the biodiversity crisis, genetically modified organisms, food diversity, genetic determinism, the relation between sex and gender.

 

Collaborations

  • Center for the Philosophy of Science, University of Lisbon
  • Department of Philosophy, Statale University of Milan
  • Centre of Natural and Human Sciences, Federal University of ABC, São Paulo
  • Culinary Mind, International Research Center for the Philosophy of Food, Statale University of Milan.

 

Ongoing Projects

  • [Team member, Elena Casetta] October 2018 –, Scientific Research and Technological Development Project funded by UE and MEC – Project reference: PTDC/FER-HFC/30665/2017. Title: Emergence in the natural sciences: towards a new paradigm [PI, David Yates].
  • [Team member, Lorenzo Baravalle] 2017-2020. Title: The Manipulation of the Living: A Pragmatic Approach to the Epistemology of Biology, funded by the Chilean National Council for Scientific and Technological Development – FONDECYT [PI, Maurizio Esposito].

 

Past Projects

 

Relevant Publications

Books

Journal Articles

  • 2019, Casetta, E., Vecchi, D. “Species are, at the same time, kinds and individuals. A causal argument based on an empirical approach to species identity”, Synthese. Online first, DOI 10.1007/s11229-019-02199-5.
  • 2019, Baravalle, L. Cultural Evolutionary Theory as a Theory of Forces. SyntheseOnline first, DOI 10.1007/ s11229-019-02247-0.
  • 2018, Casetta, E. Il quasi-concetto di biodiversità. Decostruzione e linee per una ricostruzione, Giornale di metafisica, 2/2018, pp. 532-545.
  • 2017, Beraldo-de-Araújo, A. & Baravalle, L., The Ontology of Digital Physics. Erkenntnis 82: 1211-1231.
  • 2017, Casetta, E., Borghini, A., Exploring Darwinian Worlds: From Darwin to the Extended Synthesis, Acta Biotheoretica 65, 1: 87–94.
  • 2015, Casetta, E, Marques da Silva, J., Biodiversity Surgery. Some Epistemological Challenges in Facing Extinction, Axiomathes 25, 3: 239–251.
  • 2014, Borghini, A., Nathan, M., Development and Natural Kinds: Some Lessons from Biology, Synthese 191: 539-556.

Book Chapters and Encyclopedia Entries

  • Forthcoming Baravalle, L. & Vecchi, D., Drift as a Force of Evolution: A Manipulationist Account. In: Baravalle, L. & Zaterka, L., eds., Life and Evolution. Latin American Essays on the History and Philosophy of Biology, Dordrecht, Springer.
  • 2019, Casetta, E., Marques da Silva, J., Vecchi, D. Biodiversity Healing, in Casetta, D. Vecchi, J. Marques da Silva (eds.), From Assessing to Conserving biodiversity – Conceptual and Practical Challenge, Springer International Publishing (series History, Philosophy and Theory of the Life Sciences), pp. 1-17.
  • 2019, Marques da Silva, J., Casetta, E. Why a Species-Based Approach to Biodiversity is not Enough. Lessons from Multispecies Biofilms, in E. Casetta, D. Vecchi, J. Marques da Silva (eds.), From Assessing to Conserving biodiversity – Conceptual and Practical Challenge, Springer International Publishing (series History, Philosophy and Theory of the Life Sciences, pp. 195-217.
  • 2015, Casetta, E., Marques da Silva, J., Facing the Big Sixth. From Prioritizing Species to Conserving Biodiversity, in E. Serrelli, & N. Gontier, eds., Macroevolution – Explanation, Interpretation, Evidence, Berlin, Springer: 377-403.
  • 2014, Borghini, A., Metaphysics of Natural Food, in P.B. Thompson and D.M. Kaplan, eds., Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics, Springer: 1378-1381.
  • 2014, Borghini, A., Geographical Indications, Food, and Culture, in P.B. Thompson and D.M. Kaplan, eds., Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics, Springer: 1115-1120.