Institutions in Action: The Nature and the Role of Institutions in the Real World

“Institutions in Action: The Nature and the Role of Institutions in the Real World”
May 26-28. 2016

Fourth annual conference organized by CAS-SEE.

In cooperation with the LabOnt – Department of Philosophy, University of Torino, the Center for Advanced Studies – South-East Europe, University of Rijeka is organizing a conference dedicated to the institution, (new) institutional realism and real world theory.

Political, social, economic, and legal institutions exert a great impact on the lives of individuals as social beings, as well as on those individuals’ own understanding of themselves, their potentialities, and aspirations. In big societies, institutions also offer information regarding what others do or tend to do. Still, in the last thirty years, both in political theory and in practice, the role of institutions has been seriously threatened by an ideological struggle against the welfare state and by a growing emphasis on individual responsibility and an individualist ethos. Once again we find ourselves having to examine the importance of the role of social institutions, their nature as actors, as well as their mutual influences. Although institutions theoretically strive towards a better society, we think it important to begin with real world facts, that is, with a “new institutional realism” that attempts to understand and explain how various (legal, social, and political) institutions actually condition and influence one another, thus shaping the lives of individuals. Such influences, while seeking a betterment of social life, sometimes also restrict and diminish what might otherwise be a spontaneous exercise of collaborative and optimizing collective actions. ‎Both the constructive and the retractive or restrictive effects of institutions on human life make up the reality of the institution.
Another key role for institutions is in balancing perceptions and the various angles of social justice. Rawls famously described this balancing act as the quest of an equilibrium between rational or intellectual arguments about what is just, on the one hand, and the intuitive grasp of justice within a political culture, on the other. Such balancing acts between arguments, intuitions and, increasingly, emotions (particularly strongly emphasized by Robert Solomon and others) ‎are entrusted to institutions in various social and value-contexts. How well they are equipped to perform such acts influences both the quality of the respective political systems and, more practically, the quality of people’s lives.
All these and many other aspects of the institution will be addressed by the conference, with a view both of advancing our theoretical grasp of the institution and our practical understanding and ability to influence and benefit from institutions in their myriad roles – whether regulative, that of service-provision, or, more controversially, that of conceptual and value-clarification or community-building.

 
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PROGRAM
Place: Faculty for Humanities, University of Rijeka, Campus, Sveučilišna avenija 4, 51000 Rijeka
Organizer: Center for Advanced Studies–Southeast Europe, University of Rijeka
LabOnt–Department of Philosophy, University of Torino
in cooperation with the Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, University of Belgrade

4th CAS SEE International Conference
PLAYING BY THE RULES
Institutions in Action: The Nature and the Role of Institutions in the Real World

May 26, 2016 / 19:00-21:00
Round Table “The Role of Institutions – Experiences and Prospects”
and Opening Reception
Hotel Jadran (Šetalište XIII divizije 46, 51000, Rijeka)
 
Welcome Addresses: Predrag Sustar (Ministry of Science, Education and Sports of Croatia), Pero
Lucin (Rector, University of Rijeka), Snjezana Prijic Samarzija (Vice rector
and director of CAS SEE, University of Rijeka)
Introductory: Nebojsa Zelic (Faculty for Humanities, University of Rijeka)
Participants: Erhard Busek (Institute for the Danube Region and Central Europe, Vienna), HE
Michèle Boccoz (the French Ambassador to Croatia), Vesna Pusic (Former First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign and European Affairs of Croatia), Shalini Randeria (Institute for Humanities, Vienna), Wolfgang Merkel (WZB Berlin Social Science Center), Her Excellency, Ugo Mattei (IUC College University of Torino, Hastings College of the Law University of California), Luc Lévy (French Institute Zagreb), Vedran Dzihic (CAS SEE, University of Rijeka).
 
In the past forty years we have been witnessing a decline of public institutions in various areas. First: decline of institutions of welfare state. Second: decline of democratic institutions. There has been much talk recently of democratic deficit, particularly at EU level. Many public institutions that provided public goods or services have been taken by private firms (market) or by civil society (informal institutions). How serious is the threat of market of public services to democratic control over provision of such services? Is it true that making civil society as primary provider of such goods and services enhances democracy or is it replacing social rights with charity that can present problem for democracy?
Can deficits in democracy be overcome simply by expanding democratic control through well-known democratic institutions of representative democracy or we need new kind of more participative democratic institutions? Can it be that our problems and institutions become so complex that we need more expertism and maybe less democratic control? What is the right balance between expert knowledge and democratic authority? The rise of the radical right movement in whole Europe and tendencies of many East European governments toward “illiberal democracy” (V. Orban) are very serious. How strong is the role of political and economic institutions in giving rise to such movements? Are the citizens main agents of institutional change so institutions simply reflect their worldviews and attitudes? Or, is it that citizens’ attitudes reflect information that institutions send what behavior is permissible and expected? How do institutions change themselves and how they change society?

May 27, 2016 / Day 1
Conference Venue: Faculty for Humanities, Sveučilišna avenija 4, 51000 Rijeka, Amphitheaters 230, 106, 107

09.15-10.00 Ceremonial signing: Memorandum of Understanding – CAS SEE / Institute of Higher Education, University of Georgia (University of Rijeka, Rectorate, Trg Brace Mazuranica 10

08.30-09.00 Registration (desk in front of the Amphitheater 230, Faculty for Humanities)
09.00-09.30 Introductory: Petar Bojanic (CAS SEE/IFDT), Mario Gioannini (Collegio Carlo Alberto)

09.30-11.15 Plenary Presentations – Amphitheater 230
Chair: Nenad Miscevic (University of Maribor)
RAIMO TUOMELA (University of Helsinki): “Social Institutions, Constitution, and Institutional Status”
FRANCESCO GUALA (University of Milan): “A Functionalist Approach to Institutions”
Chair: Snjezana Prijic-Samarzija
SHEILA SLAUGHTER (IHE University of Georgia): “Higher education, Stratification, and workforce development: Competitive advantage in Europe, the US, and Canada”

11.15-11.30 Coffee break – Faculty for Humanities (desk in front of the Amphitheater 230)
 
11.30-13.00 Session I
Panel 1 Amphitheater 230
THE LEGAL NATURE AND IDENTITY OF INSTITUTIONS
Chair: Francesco Guala Panel 2 Amphitheater 106
Higher Education Initiative Southeaster Europe: CAS SEE / Institute of Higher Education, University of Georgia
Chair: Snjezana Prijic-Samarzija Panel 3 Amphitheater 107
THE ROLE OF INSTITUTIONS
CASE STUDIES
Chair: Jelena Vasiljevic
Luka Burazin (Zagreb Faculty of Law)
Law as an Abstract: Institutional Artefact Ed Simpson (IHE University of Georgia)
The Evolution of HEISEE Vedran Obućina (Society for Mediterranean Studies, University of Rijeka)
Sustainability of welfare institutions in the Islamic Republic of Iran
Tiziana Andina (University of Turin)
Contemporary states and transgenerational actions Vlasta Vizek Vidović (HEISEE program CAS SEE)
HEISEE program of governance and strategic management in HE
Katerina Shapkova, Pece Nedanovski (Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje)
Property Rights as Formal Institutional Determinant of Economic Development in Selected Central and South European Countries
Ana Dimiskovska (University of Skopje)
The varieties of justice: Legal institutions and the construction of social reality Libby Morris (IHE University of Georgia)
Serving the state, nation, and internationally: the role of the Institute of Higher Education (USA) Lina Dokuzović (European Institute for Progressive Cultural Policies, Vienna)
The diffusion and interwovenness of institutions of higher education today
Boran Bercic (University of Rijeka)
Are Nations Social Constructs? Lucia Brajkovic (IHE University of Georgia)
Academic marginalism in Western Balkans: the case of Croatia

13.00-14.30 Lunch – Akvarij at the University Campus, Radmile Matejčić 5, Rijeka

14.30-16.15 Plenary Presentations – Amphitheater 230
Chair: Igor Stiks (Edinburgh College of Art, The University of Edinburgh)

UGO MATTEI (University of Torino, IUC, College University of California, Hastings College of the Law): “New Institutions of the Commons”

AVNER DE SHALIT (University of Tel Aviv): “Bring Back the Parties”
Chair: Marjan Ivkovic (IFDT)

ROBERT SALAIS (Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan, Paris Centre Marc Bloch): “From Conventions to Institutions. The Contours of a Pragmatic Theory of Institutions”

16.15-17.45 Session II
Panel 1 Amphitheater 230
PLAYING BY THE RULES
Chair: Ivan Vukovic Panel 2 Amphitheater 106
HOSPITALITY OF STATE INSTITUTIONS
Chair: Sanja Bojanic Panel 3 Amphitheater 107
INSTITUTIONALIZING STUDIES OF SOCIAL ENGAGEMENT 1.
Chair: Adriana Zaharijevic
Brian Epstein (Tufts University, via skype)
Designing real-world institutions: roles versus realizers Dane Taleski (CAS SEE Fellow)
Institutions matter! But which ones matter more in a post-conflict context? Marjan Ivkovic (IFDT)
Social Critique and Engagement between Universalism, Anti-Authoritarianism and Diagnosis of Domination
Nenad Miscevic (University of Maribor)
Social kinds and Institutions Aleksandra Zdeb (Faculty of International and Political Studies, Jagiellonian University in Kraków)
Relations between actors and institutions in post-conflict, divided societies: the ‘reboundeffect’ and power-sharing on the local level in Bosnia and Herzegovina Srdjan Prodanovic (IFDT)
Pragmatic Epistemology and the Community of Engaged Actors
Bojan Borstner (University of Maribor)
Tuomela on groups as conceptually primary agents and causal (and ontological) roles of their members Ali Emre Benli (CAS SEE Fellow)
Theorizing Justice in Asylum Here and Now: Institutions vs. Social Realization Jelena Vasiljevic (IFDT)
Can We Institutionalize Solidarity?
Edoardo Fregonese (Labont|Arch, University of Turin)
A Planning Account of Institutions Vladimir Unkovski Korica (CAS SEE Fellow)
City Partnerships as Détente from Below? Twinning Bologna and Zagreb Aleksandar Matkovic (IFDT)
From activism to activist citizenship: on the forms of engagement
Mark Losonc (IFDT)
Institutions and Counter-Institutions of Secrecy Edward Djordjevic (CELAP)
Engagement + (Joint) Commitment. On the Obligation to Act Together

17.45-18.00 Coffee break – Faculty for Humanities (desk in front of the Amphitheater 230)

19.00-20.30 Round table – Amphitheater 230

“Institution-building and Institution-Managing – Between Idealist Goals, Structural Constrains and Permanent Fundraising”
Introductory: Vedran Dzihic (CAS SEE)
Hedvig Morvai, Shalini Randeria, Erhard Busek, Mario Gioannini, Libby Morris, Haki Abazi, Philippe Narval

Institutions both as formal organizations or structures and mechanisms of social order follow certain patterns of establishment, management and real life understood as a practical and day-to-day functioning. Different than institutions of state, government or those providing social services private institutions established in the very wide field of education, research, philanthropy or civil society face specific challenges in the process of establishing and also managing them. Navigating the institutional ship between envisaged idealist goals, structural constraints and quite often, permanent fundraising campaign to secure the mere existence of the institution is not an easy task. The changing face of (European) democracies and emerging authoritarian tendencies in some parts of Europe as well as the neoliberal consensus and the subsequent crisis and decline of various forms of public institutions pose an additional challenge. How is it that idealist institutions aiming at dialogue, research, exchange of ideas and similar non-profit activities function and survive nowadays? In this panel persons with experience in establishing and running such types of institutions will share their insights on institution-building and institution-managing and think about the “new art of the possible” for idealist institutions.

May 28, 2016 / Day 2
Conference Venue: Faculty for Humanities, Sveučilišna avenija 4, 51000 Rijeka, Amphitheaters 230, 232, 206

8.30-10.00 CAS SEE Boards Meeting, Hotel Jadran

10.30-12.15 Plenary Presentations – Amphitheater 230
Chair: Tiziana Andina (LabOnt, University of Torino)
MAURIZIO FERRARIS (LabOnt, University of Torino): “DOCUMEDIALITY: Documentality-Intentionality-Institution”
WERNER GEPHART (Käthe Hamburger Kolleg, University of Bonn): “The Institutional Complex: Norms, Symbols, Rituals”
Chair: Vedran Dzihic (CAS SEE)
PHILIPPE NARVAL (Alpbach Forum): “Institution and Integrative Intergenerational Dialogue”
12.15-13.45 Session III
Panel 1 Amphitheater 230
CARING ETHICS AND INSTITUTIONS
Chair: Emmanuel Picavet Panel 2 Amphitheater 232
INSTITUTIONALIZING STUDIES OF SOCIAL ENGAGEMENT 2.
Chair: Srdjan Prodanovic (IFDT) Panel 3 Amphitheater 206
GUARANTYING EQUALITY
Chair: Edward Djordjevic
Ivan Vukovic (University of Belgrade)
Caring for the Young, Caring for the Old: Justice in the Circle of Life Adriana Zaharijevic (IFDT)
Thinking Engagement Groupwise Igor Stiks (Edinburgh College of Art, The University of Edinburgh)
Playing by Your Own Rules: Institutions and Insurrection
Elvio Baccarini (University of Rijeka)
Justice for All, de Shalit’s civicism, and Wolff’s contextualism Gazela Pudar Drasko (IFDT)
Establishing Study of Intellectuals’ Influence Alfredo Sasso (CAS SEE Fellow)
Equal citizens, equal nations. The constitutional dilemmas in Bosnia-Herzegovina, 1990-1991
Viktor Ivanković, Zlata Božac (Central European University, Budapest)
Can We Nudge Charitable Giving? The Nudging Egalitarian Ethos Igor Krtolica (IFDT)
Can Something Take Place? Sandra Bradvić (Institute of Art History, University of Bern)
Jugoslovenska dokumenta: The interdependence between the avantgarde and the institution
Nebojsa Zelic (University of Rijeka)
Civic Friendship and Institutions Igor Cvejic (IFDT)
The Forms of Social Engagement Regarding the Subject of Import Mate Nikola Tokic (CAS SEE Felow)
Helping Hand? Caritas and Political Mobilization within the Croatian Emigration following World War II
Zeljko Radinkovic (IFDT)
Hermeneutics of Engagement

13.45-15.15 Lunch – Bar FUSION at the University Campus, Slavka Krautzeka 83A/II, Rijeka

15.15-17.00 Plenary Presentations – Amphitheater 230
Chair: Nebojsa Zelic (University of Rijeka)
JONATHAN WOLFF (University College London): “Institutional Change and Agents of Justice”
EMMANUEL PICAVET (University Paris 1 Sorbonne): “Ways of compromise-building in a world of institutions”
Chair: Jonathan Wolff (University College London)
THOMAS SCANLON (Harvard University – via skype): “Individual Morality and the Morality of Institutions”

17.00-17.15 Coffee break – Faculty for Humanities (desk in front of the Amphitheater 230)

17.15-18.45 Session IV
Panel 1 Amphitheater 230
INSTITUTIONS AND DEMOCRACY
Chair: Avner de Shalit Panel 2 Amphitheater 232
Seminar on the philosophy of social institutions with Prof. Raimo Tuomela
CONTEMPORANEITY AND PHILOSOPHY
Philosophy PhD Program, UNIRI
Chair: Nenad Smokrovic Panel 3 Amphitheater 206
INSTITUTION AND BORDERS
Chair: Gazela Pudar Drasko
Andrija Šoć (Institute for Philosophy, University of Belgrade)
Rationality, Values, and Voting: Challenges and Prospects of Deliberative Voting Raimo Tuomela (University of Helsinki)
Creation of Institutions: Concepts and Ontology Stefan Aleksić (University of Belgrade)
Politics of denying citizenship and urban access: how institutions invent (b)orders
Rastislav Dinić (Faculty of Philosophy, Niš)
Citing rules, avoiding responsibilities: the blank vote debate in Serbia Marko-Luka Zubčić (Faculty for Humanities, University of Rijeka)
A reason for we-reason? Nuri Ali Tahir (CAS SEE Fellow)
Institutionalization of European Border Management Policies: Making the External Borders Relevant for all EU Member States
Cristina Matiuta (Department of Political Science and Communication Sciences, University of Oradea)
The ICTs impact on relationship between institutions and citizens. Some evidence from Romania David Grčki (Faculty for Humanities, University of Rijeka)
Ethos in large groups Tamara Petrović Trifunović and Dunja Poleti (Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, University of Belgrade)
Seeking asylum in Serbia? – Refugees in the jaws of the institutions
Radoš Vidaković (University of Vienna, Austria)
Informal Institutions and Democracy Renato Stanković (Faculty for Humanities, University of Rijeka)
Collective memory Michal Sládeček (Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, Belgrade)
Reasonable Partiality and Impartiality: Co-citizens, Immigrants and Refugees
Denis Paušić (Faculty for Humanities, University of Rijeka)
Group responsibility and voluntary abandoning the nation state